The long-run effects of the Scramble for Africa

Stelios Michalopoulos, Elias Papaioannou 06 January 2012

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The predominant explanations for the deep roots of contemporary African (under)development centre on the influence of Europeans during the colonial period (Acemoglu et al 2005), and on the slave trade in the centuries before colonisation when close to 20 million slaves were exported from Africa (Nunn 2008).1 Yet another milestone took place amidst these two major events.

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Topics:  Development

Tags:  Africa, civil conflict, ethnic violence

Civil conflicts hurt firms – by displacing workers

Christopher Ksoll, Rocco Macchiavello, Ameet Morjaria 08 March 2011

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Foreign firms who want to take advantage of Africa’s comparative advantage in agriculture and low wages not only face bureaucracy, but also civil wars and conflicts. Naturally the latter are disastrous for profitability and investments – yet very little is actually known about the microeconomics of how conflict affects firms.

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Topics:  Development International trade

Tags:  elections, Kenya, East Africa, civil conflict

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