Manuel Bagues, Pamela Campa, 09 September 2017

Several countries in the EU have adopted gender quotas that regulate the composition of electoral lists in an attempt to address the underrepresentation of women in political institutions. This column examines the effect of the introduction of gender quotas in local elections in Spain. While the quotas have increased the number of women elected, they have not significantly increased the probability of women reaching leadership positions, or the type of policies that are implemented. At the same time, fears that quotas would decrease the quality of politicians have not been realised.

Manuel Bagues, Berta Esteve-Volart, 26 October 2009

As women are underrepresented amongst legislators, many governments impose gender quotas on candidate lists. This column examines Spain’s elections and argues that its political parties evade the quota. It claims that parties use female candidates as pawns chosen according to how their presence in the list would affect gender statistics and male candidates’ possibilities of success.

Manuel Bagues, Berta Esteve-Volart, 27 July 2007

Many nations are imposing gender quotas on top-level jobs. Recent research suggests that such policies do not have a positive knock-on effect on gender balance in lower positions.

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