Otaviano Canuto, Cornelius Fleischhaker, Philip Schellekens, Sunday, January 11, 2015

While Brazil has become one of the largest economies in the world, it remains among the most closed economies as measured by the share of exports and imports in GDP. This column argues that this cannot be explained simply by the size of Brazil’s economy. Rather it is due to a reliance on domestic value chain integration as opposed to participation in global production networks. Greater trade openness could produce efficiency gains and help Brazil address its productivity and competitiveness challenges.

Ju Hyun Pyun, Jong-Wha Lee, Saturday, March 21, 2009

This column claims that bilateral trade interdependence reduces the probability of inter-state military conflict. Moreover, global trade openness lowers the probability of conflict with the bilateral trade partner by a larger magnitude than bilateral trade does alone.

Arvind Panagariya, Tuesday, January 15, 2008

Historically, successful development has involved exporting labour-intensive manufactures. Despite opening up to the world economy in many respects, India’s policies continue to retard the expansion of labour-intensive sectors. Here is a discussion of how India could speed its transition to a modern economy.

Philippe Martin, Thierry Mayer, Mathias Thoenig, Friday, January 4, 2008

Civil war is a pivotal challenge for the development of the world’s poorest nations. Recent research finds that trade deters severe conflicts but fosters less severe ones. Here is the logic and evidence.

Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, Tuesday, July 31, 2007

Since the very beginning of European integration, the role of openness in promoting firm productivity has been recognised by European leaders. Recent evidence on Italian firms supports this view.

Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano, Tuesday, July 31, 2007

Since the very beginning of European integration, the role of openness in promoting firm productivity has been recognised by European leaders. Recent evidence on Italian firms supports this view.