Almost half of all unemployed people in Europe have been looking for a job for over a year, causing considerable mental and material stress on those affected and pushing many of them to the margins of the labour market. This column introduces a new VoxEU eBook that examines patterns of long-term unemployment across key European countries and asks what measures have proven effective in helping people back into work and what more can be done.
Samuel Bentolila, Marcel Jansen, 14 November 2016
Jan van Ours, Anne Gielen, 13 February 2012
Much research has documented that unemployment makes people unhappy. But does unhappiness spur the unemployed to look harder for jobs? And if so, why do governments need to help them find work with active labour market policies? CEPR DP8842 finds that the unhappiest of the unemployed do search harder for jobs, but don’t find them faster – suggesting that even the most motivated jobseekers could benefit from activation policies.
Michael Lechner, Stephan Wiehler, 15 October 2007
So far, the majority of labour market policy evaluation studies have concentrated on the impact of a single programme compared to participation or to nonparticipation in other programmes. The authors of CEPR DP6521 use a more dynamic evaluation framework and extend the focus to issues such as the order and timing of programmes and the effects of programme sequences, i.e. multiple participation in the same programme, or different programmes.