Recent supreme court action has reintroduced labour reform into India’s public debate. This column estimates productivity effects of deregulation exploiting state-level variation in policy and plant-level data. Even modest deregulation has improved total factor productivity substantially; this sets the scene for a deep liberalising reform
Sean Dougherty, Veronica Frisancho, Kala Krishna, 08 May 2014
Pierre-Richard Agénor, Otaviano Canuto, Michael Jelenic, 21 December 2012
Many of the emerging economies of the last two decades are now ensnared by ‘the middle-income trap’, in which middle-income countries don’t quite push through to high income status. This column presents recent research suggesting that, if governments act early and decisively to improve access to advanced infrastructure, enhance the protection of property rights, and reform labour markets, trapped economies – like their East Asian counterparts in the 1990s – can push on through.
Samuel Bentolila, Tito Boeri, Pierre Cahuc, 12 July 2010
Many economists across Europe agree on the need for labour market reform. In this column economists from France, Italy, and Spain argue that while the reforms of the 1980s increased flexibility, they also led to a two-tier system with ultra-secure permanent workers and vulnerable temporary workers – increasing unemployment in the downturn. In order to complete the reform path, governments should fight dualism by making job security provisions increase smoothly as workers acquire tenure.
Yann Algan, Pierre Cahuc, 25 November 2007
France is in the throes of a vicious circle. Corporatism and state intervention undermine solidarity, destroy social dialogue and reinforce mutual distrust, thus feeding demands for more corporatism and state intervention. Here are some ideas on how to fix it.