The labour market effects of immigration and emigration in OECD countries

Frédéric Docquier, Çağlar Özden, Giovanni Peri 06 October 2014

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The basis of the debate about migration into European countries is the perception that immigrants are unskilled and poor. Hence, the narrative goes, their arrival hurts the wages and employment prospects of less educated natives. At the same time, very little discussion is devoted to the patterns and economic consequences of emigration from European countries to other developed countries. The recent high-profile book by Collier (2013) is a typical example of this approach. Yet, the data indicate this might all be misguided.

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Topics:  Education Labour markets Migration

Tags:  OECD, migration, immigration, emigration, wages, complementarities, education

Migration states and welfare states: Why is America different from Europe?

Assaf Razin, Efraim Sadka 01 September 2014

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European welfare and migration policies are strikingly different from states within the US. Over the last half century, Europe ended up with 85% of all unskilled migrants to developed countries, whereas the US retains its innovative edge by attracting 55% of the world-educated migrants.

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Topics:  Migration Welfare state and social Europe

Tags:  migration, welfare generosity, EU, US, skilled migrants

New evidence on the durability of social norms

John Helliwell, Shun Wang, Jinwen Xu 12 March 2014

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Recent studies find that individuals’ social norms – as evidenced by their opinions and behaviour – can be transmitted from one generation to the next within the same cultural setting (Algan and Cahuc 2010, Bjørnskov 2012, Dohmen et al. 2012, Guiso et al. 2006, Rainer and Siedler 2009, Rice and Feldman 1997). Studies also find that the current environment – such as institutions – plays an important role in shaping an individual’s social norms (Dinesen 2012, Nannestad et al. 2014, Alesina and La Ferrara 2002, Bjørnskov 2007, Glaeser et al. 2000, Helliwell and Wang 2011, Kosfeld et al.

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Topics:  Frontiers of economic research Migration

Tags:  institutions, immigration, social attitudes, trust, migration, Culture, social norms

Remittances and vulnerability in developing countries: Results from a new dataset on remittances from Italy

Giulia Bettin, Andrea F Presbitero, Nikola Spatafora 10 February 2014

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Remittances from migrant workers currently represent one of the most important financial flows to developing countries. They can play an important role in pulling millions of families out of poverty. It is therefore critical to identify the key factors affecting remittances, as well as the barriers to these flows (Beck and Martinez Peria 2009 ). In particular, it is important to understand how remittances depend on macroeconomic conditions in the migrants’ host country and country of origin, and how they were affected by the global financial crisis.

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Topics:  Development Migration

Tags:  Italy, migration, global financial crisis, financial development, Remittances

The fiscal effects of immigration to the UK

Christian Dustmann, Tommaso Frattini 13 November 2013

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The impact of immigration on the tax and welfare system and the net fiscal consequences is perhaps the single most prominent economic issue in the public debate over the pros and cons of immigration. Accordingly, it is the debate about the fiscal effects – and not so much the effects on wages – of immigration that is currently dominating the debate not only in the UK, but also in other countries (see Boeri 2010).

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Topics:  Migration Welfare state and social Europe

Tags:  welfare state, immigration, migration, benefits, UK, fiscal burden

How the great recession affected unemployment of non-Western Immigrants in the Netherlands

Jan van Ours 06 October 2013

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The labour-market position of immigrants in many European countries is weak – unemployment rates among immigrants are high, and employment rates are low (OECD 2011). There are various explanations for this. Immigrants often have lower educational attainment than natives, and fewer language skills. Furthermore, ethnic identity may be important.

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Topics:  Labour markets Migration

Tags:  unemployment, migration, Netherlands, Great Recession

Social and economic effects of return migration to Egypt

Simone Bertoli, Francesca Marchetta 04 October 2013

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A number of demographic, social, and economic factors constitute 'irresistible forces' that are contributing to the rise of the scale of international migration (Pritchett, 2006). The economic literature has not yet fully explored the wise array of effects this phenomenon can have on migrants’ countries of origin. When migration is predominantly temporary in nature, returnees represent a natural focal point of the analysis, as moving across borders can reshape the behaviour and the choices made by the migrants once they return home.

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Topics:  Migration

Tags:  entrepreneurship, fertility, migration

Migration and wage effects of taxing top earners: Evidence from the foreigners' tax scheme in Denmark

Henrik Kleven, Camille Landais, Emmanuel Saez, Esben Schultz 17 September 2013

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Tax-induced international mobility of talent is a controversial public-policy issue, especially when tax rates differ substantially across countries and migration barriers are low as in the case of the EU. High top-tax rates may induce top earners to migrate to countries where the tax burden is lower, thereby limiting the redistributive power of governments and potentially creating harmful tax competition.

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Topics:  Migration Taxation

Tags:  EU, tax competition, migration

The global race for inventors

Carsten Fink, Ernest Miguelez, Julio Raffo 17 July 2013

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Many countries are currently debating and reforming their immigration policies. One prominent question in these discussions is how to attract skilled workers that can ease domestic skills shortages and foster innovation and entrepreneurship.

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Topics:  Migration Productivity and Innovation

Tags:  patents, innovation, migration, inventors

Urbanisation and Migration Externalities in China

Pierre-Philippe Combes, Sylvie Démurger, Li Shi,

Date Published

Sun, 02/17/2013

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