Eric Monnet, 13 June 2018

In the Bretton woods system, capital controls ensured the independence of monetary policy. This column argues that it is impossible to understand how they worked without understanding their role in supporting credit controls at the time, which were used to fight inflation without raising the domestic interest rate. This may be relevant today in emerging markets in which central bank instruments still resemble those used under Bretton Woods. 

Eric Monnet, 05 July 2014

The Global Crisis has raised the interest of banks in using quantitative controls, such as credit controls. This column discusses a relatively recent historical episode of credit controls in France. During this episode the role of interest rates was almost eliminated. Quantitative controls effectively decreased output and prices in the short-run. The difficulty for the Central Bank stemmed from the fact that it had to change its instruments constantly. This historical episode demonstrates that macroprudential tools can have substantial effects on monetary policy.

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