Gender

Sebastian Galiani, Ugo Panizza, 28 September 2020

Academic economists need to be published, but is the journal system fair and efficient? Sebastian Galiani and Ugo Panizza tell Tim Phillips about a new free VoxEU ebook that tackles racism in publishing, whether you should be judged by your citations, and the tyranny of the top five. 

Download the eBook free from VoxEU here

Titan Alon, Matthias Doepke, Jane Olmstead-Rumsey, Michèle Tertilt, 22 September 2020

Unlike any other modern recession, the downturn triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic has created larger employment losses for women than for men. Based on data from all US recessions since 1949, this column shows that the 2020 recession deviates most sharply from the historical norm in its disparate gender impact. The fact that job losses are much higher for women not only matters for gender equality, but will also reduce families’ ability to offset income losses, producing a deeper and more persistent recession.

Abdoulaye Ndiaye, Morten Ravn, 21 September 2020

The open-access Virtual Macro Seminar Series (VMACS) started in March 2020 as a response to the Covid-induced lack of standard academic seminars, but the organisers quickly spotted a bias towards senior academics in this new virtual format. To address this and the lack of minority representation typical of macroeconomics conferences, the organisers of the VMACS Junior Macro Conference experimented with a two-step double-blind review process. In this column, two programme committee members describe how the result was a high-quality programme presented by economists from a diverse set of institutions. There is still room for improvement, however, and a double-blind review process by itself does not solve the broader issue of unequal representation in the economics profession.

Debopam Bhattacharya, Renata Rabovic, 15 September 2020

The balance between merit and diversity in university admissions is a controversial issue, but statistical analysis is challenging because applicant characteristics are only observed by admissions officers and post-entry test scores are only available for those who were admitted. This column uses a novel, outcome-based test of merit-based admissions at Cambridge University, where some applicants enter via a second-round clearing mechanism from a ‘pool’, to bypass the non-observability problems. The test reveals robust evidence of higher admissions standards for men in STEM and economics, and weak evidence of the same for private school applicants. The gender gap is non-evident in law and medicine.

Giovanni Immordino, Maria Berlin, Francesco Flaviano Russo, Giancarlo Spagnolo, 13 September 2020

Domestic violence appears to have surged during the Covid-19 crisis in almost all countries. This column argues that dwindling prostitution markets during the lockdown might be partly responsible for the surge. Analysing the effects of the one-sided criminalisation of prostitution introduced in Sweden in 1999, it finds that the law reduced street prostitution but increased domestic violence against women outside the prostitution market. This evidence suggests that the freeze of sex markets caused by the Covid-19 crisis might have contributed to the observed spike in domestic violence. 

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