Gender

Graziella Bertocchi, Monica Bozzano, 05 October 2020

For most of history, women have been undereducated relative to men. While the gender gap in education has closed – and even reversed – in recent times, sharp differences still exist across levels of education and countries. Even where women have outpaced men in educational attainment, gender gaps in employment, entrepreneurship and politics persist. Women are visibly underrepresented in STEM and economics – fields typically lead to higher employability and wages. This column reviews the historical roots of the gender gap, which, despite changing conditions and incentives, continue to exert an influence through labour markets, family formation dynamics, and cultural factors. 

Ghazala Azmat, Lena Hensvik, Olof Rosenqvist, 04 October 2020

The recent COVID-19 public health crisis has – at least temporarily – changed the organisation of work and the requirement for presenteeism in the workplace. Using data from Sweden, this column argues that such change could help close the gender earnings gap by lowering the wage penalties to unpredictable work absence. 

Sebastian Galiani, Ugo Panizza, 28 September 2020

Academic economists need to be published, but is the journal system fair and efficient? Sebastian Galiani and Ugo Panizza tell Tim Phillips about a new free VoxEU ebook that tackles racism in publishing, whether you should be judged by your citations, and the tyranny of the top five. 

Download the eBook free from VoxEU here

Titan Alon, Matthias Doepke, Jane Olmstead-Rumsey, Michèle Tertilt, 22 September 2020

Unlike any other modern recession, the downturn triggered by the Covid-19 pandemic has created larger employment losses for women than for men. Based on data from all US recessions since 1949, this column shows that the 2020 recession deviates most sharply from the historical norm in its disparate gender impact. The fact that job losses are much higher for women not only matters for gender equality, but will also reduce families’ ability to offset income losses, producing a deeper and more persistent recession.

Abdoulaye Ndiaye, Morten Ravn, 21 September 2020

The open-access Virtual Macro Seminar Series (VMACS) started in March 2020 as a response to the Covid-induced lack of standard academic seminars, but the organisers quickly spotted a bias towards senior academics in this new virtual format. To address this and the lack of minority representation typical of macroeconomics conferences, the organisers of the VMACS Junior Macro Conference experimented with a two-step double-blind review process. In this column, two programme committee members describe how the result was a high-quality programme presented by economists from a diverse set of institutions. There is still room for improvement, however, and a double-blind review process by itself does not solve the broader issue of unequal representation in the economics profession.

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