Gender

Anna Raute, 06 May 2022

If fathers don't acknowledge paternity, it affects both mother and child. Should the state increase financial support for single parents, should we incentivise marriage – or is there another option? Anna Raute tells Tim Phillips that the surprising impact of an unrelated German social policy suggests there may be.

Download the free DP and read more about this research:
Raute, A, Weber, A and Zudenkova, G. 2022. 'Can public policy increase paternity acknowledgement? Evidence from earnings-related parental leave'. CEPR

 

Stefanie J. Huber, 30 April 2022

Living through the COVID-19 crisis affected women and men differently. This column presents representative survey evidence from five European countries that women reduced their pre-pandemic consumption substantially more than men. Perceptions of infection risk and precautionary saving motives are only a partial explanation. Instead, men report realising that they had not missed certain goods and services during lockdown, while women attribute their reduced expenditures to perceived financial constraints – suggesting that women felt the economic consequences of the pandemic more intensely than men.

Sagiri Kitao, Minamo Mikoshiba, 30 March 2022

Japan ranks 120th among 156 countries in terms of its gender gap, with women earning significantly less than men. This column uses survey data to investigate the employment and earnings dynamics of women in Japan over their life-cycle, and finds that tax exemptions and social insurance benefits for low-income spouses significantly dampen women’s labour supply and earnings. There is a significant room to improve women’s participation and earnings by removing the fiscal policies that disincentivise work and skill accumulation. The policy changes would also mean that the government could raise more tax revenues without causing a welfare loss.

Moshe Hazan, David Weiss, 11 March 2022

Until the second half of the 19th century, coverture laws granted married men almost unlimited power over the household. Moshe Hazan and David Weiss tell Tim Phillips about how abolition changed the number of children in a family, and how well those children were educated?

Read more about the research behind this Vox Talk and download the free DP:
Hazan, M, Weiss, D and Zoabi, H. 2021. 'Women's Liberation, Household Revolution'. CEPR

Nuno Palma, Jaime Reis, Lisbeth Rodrigues, 27 February 2022

The comparatively slow economic growth of Southwestern Europe since the Middle Ages is often attributed to gender discrimination and the idea that women had more agency in England and the Low Countries, which kept fertility levels low and human-capital formation high. This column combines a dataset from six centuries of archival sources with a qualitative discussion of comparative social norms to show that women in Portugal were no more discriminated against than women in other parts of Western Europe, which suggests that other factors must be responsible for the divergence in incomes.

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