Uwe Sunde, Dominic Rohner, Andrea Berlanda, 02 August 2022

The death toll from HIV/AIDS in Africa would be a lot higher today were it not for the impact of anti-retroviral therapies. But as well as saving countless lives, have these drugs also reduced conflict?

Rede more bout this research and download the free DP:
Berlanda, A, Cervellati, M, Esposito, E, Rohner, D and Sunde, U. 2022. 'Medication Against Conflict'. 

Andrea Berlanda, Matteo Cervellati, Elena Esposito, Dominic Rohner, Uwe Sunde, 09 April 2022

Adverse health shocks fuel discontent. Social unrest can be driven by grievances with the provision of local public services. This column examines the effect of a large-scale health intervention – the expansion of HIV antiretroviral therapy – on violent events throughout Africa. Where the treatment was expanded, incidents of social violence dropped substantially at both country and sub-national levels. This finding shows that successful public health interventions can yield legitimacy to the state, help build trust, and serve as a ‘medicine’ against both ill health and conflict.

Benedict Clements, Sanjeev Gupta, Saida Khamidova, 06 October 2019

Worldwide military spending as a percentage of GDP in the years since the Global Crisis has been at nearly half its level during the Cold War. This column identifies three groups into which spending has been converging. It also shows that external threat levels are a factor in determining military spending, but only in developing economies. The results suggest a significant peace dividend from reducing internal conflicts, with a country that moves from the bottom 25% to the top 25% of developing countries on political stability and the absence of violence/terrorism likely to reduce military spending by about half a percentage point of GDP. 


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