Giulia Giupponi, Camille Landais, 01 April 2020

Short-time work is a subsidy for temporary reductions in the number of hours worked in firms affected by temporary shocks. Evidence suggests that it can have large positive effects on employment and can be more effective than unemployment insurance or universal transfers. This column discusses how the COVID-19 crisis – with its mandated reduction in hours of work and massive liquidity crunch for firms – is a textbook case for the use of short-time work. Taking into account available evidence and the current situation, it proposes guidelines to effectively implement short-term work.

Yi Huang, Chen Lin, Pengfei Wang, Zhiwei Xu, 23 March 2020

With the COVID-19 outbreak having officially become a pandemic, it is essential to consider not just how to prevent further public health crises but also economic and financial crises. This column suggests that in both cases, recent lessons from China are instructive. China enacted aggressive public health policies that appear to have been effective, at least in the short term. But the measures taken to stem the public health crisis may still lead to a domestic economic meltdown that could infect international trade.

Arnstein Aassve, Guido Alfani, Francesco Gandolfi, Marco Le Moglie, 22 March 2020

Long-term effects of a pandemic go well beyond the demographic losses. This column uses a representative survey of the US population in the aftermath of the Spanish flu to evaluate the permanent consequences of the pandemic on individual behaviour. It finds that social disruption during the period led to long-term deterioration in social trust, which had important economic consequences. The findings highlight the importance of a strong response to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Claudia Biancotti, Alessandro Borin, Federico Cingano, Pietro Tommasino, Giovanni Veronese, 18 March 2020

Governments around the world are tackling the COVID-19 pandemic from different angles. This column, by members of the Bank of Italy’s COVID-19 monitoring group, argues that in the absence of coordinated containment measures, the most likely outcome is the worst of both worlds: preventable loss of lives and of GDP. Predictability and consistency in policy responses across space and time is key, both in the public health and economic domains. Effective cooperation in avoiding a 'common bad' might be able to endow the world with the crucial common good of a more complete and effective governance. The European Union should be the first to set an example.

Richard Baldwin, Beatrice Weder di Mauro, 06 March 2020

Extraordinary times call for extraordinary efforts

A video interview recorded with Richard Baldwin and Beatrice Weder di Mauro to mark the publication of the CEPR / VoxEU 'instant' eBook, Economics in the Time of Covid-19.  Tim Phillips discusses the themes of the book and the economic challenges ahead

Download the book FREE here 

Richard Baldwin, Beatrice Weder di Mauro, 06 March 2020

The novel coronavirus is both something old and something new. As usual, the pandemic is both an aggregate demand and an aggregate supply shock, but the fact that it has hit China first and hardest, and the supply chain implications of this, make it something new. This column introduces a new Vox eBook containing 14 essays written by leading economists on a wide array of topics related to COVID-19 economics.

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