Viral Acharya, Raghuram Rajan, Jack Shim, 16 June 2020

While many theories of international borrowing emphasize its advantages, it has proven difficult to empirically establish a correlation between a developing country’s use of foreign financing and good outcomes such as stronger growth. This column proposes a theoretical framework that reconciles the above puzzle. It establishes that a developing country’s propensity to save is essential in determining whether the government’s ability to borrow in international markets is welfare improving for its citizens or not. Hence, debt is not always 'odious' and alternative policies such as debt ceilings may prove more useful, especially in the midst of the current pandemic.

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