Douglas Gollin, Casper Worm Hansen, Asger Mose Wingender, 20 March 2021

The Green Revolution was a crucial episode of agricultural innovation based on the application of modern crop-breeding techniques and high-yielding crop varieties. This column studies the economic effects of agricultural productivity growth in the context of the Green Revolution across the developing world. It finds positive but unevenly distributed effects of agricultural productivity on food crop yields, GDP per capita, schooling, and life expectancy across different countries. In the face of climate change, further investments in agricultural science targeting the developing world may have the potential to sustain these gains in the decades ahead. 


CEPR Policy Research