Viral Acharya, Siddharth Vij, 29 April 2021

Emerging market economies increasingly rely on foreign currency debt, leaving borrowing firms exposed to sudden stops and currency depreciations. This column examines the dynamics of corporate foreign currency borrowing in India using new firm-level data. It finds that interest rate differentials are a strong predictor of foreign currency debt issuance, particularly after the Global Crisis. After the ‘taper tantrum’ of 2013, the Reserve Bank of India introduced new macroprudential policies that were effective at mitigating the riskiest borrowing and reducing the vulnerability of Indian firms. 

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