Michele Cascarano, Filippo Natoli, Andrea Petrella, 18 May 2022

The question of whether firms are able to adapt to a changing climate is central to understanding the long-run economic effects of climate change. This column presents evidence from Italy showing that high temperatures affect firm demography by reducing the entry of newborn firms in the market and increasing business closures, while relocation to colder areas plays a minor role. Balance sheet data reveal a dichotomy between large firms, which successfully adapt improving their profitability, and smaller ones for which negative temperature spillovers become entrenched.

Stefano Agresti, Flavio Calvino, Chiara Criscuolo, Francesco Manaresi, Rudy Verlhac, 17 January 2022

Business dynamism is key for creative destruction and to foster resource reallocation – both crucial elements of long-run economic growth. This column uses a new data visualisation tool to reveal large sector- and country-level heterogeneity in the impact on business dynamism of the COVID-19 crisis in 2020 and in recovery. Initially, firm entry fell sharply in all countries, but the pace of recovery varied across countries. Bankruptcies fell and remained below pre-crisis levels well into 2021. The tool allows users to monitor the evolution of key indicators over the recovery period, keeping track of sector-specific patterns.

Fozan Fareed, Bastiaan Overvest, 20 May 2021

The COVID-19 crisis may affect future productivity through its impact on business dynamics. This column argues that business dynamics – in particular business entries, exits, and bankruptcies – are slowing down, which can have adverse effects on long-term productivity. Over the course of 2020, fewer new businesses were established than in any ‘normal’ year and fewer closed down than during the Global Crisis in 2009. Most new entrants are self-employed and online businesses, especially in the wholesale and retail trade sector.

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