Jacques Mairesse, Michele Pezzoni, Fabiana Visentin, 13 December 2020

The observation that few women reach the highest positions in science prompts the question of whether they are discriminated against. This column shows that at the French Institute of Physics at CNRS, one of Europe’s largest public research organisation, differences in research productivity account entirely for the average gender gap in the promotion from junior to senior positions. This finding does not contradict the observation that other promotion factors – such as family characteristics, mentoring, professional networks, and research responsibilities – have different impacts on female and male researchers.

Alberto Alesina, 30 September 2008

In Italy, microfirms held by women pay a higher interest rate with respect to those firms managed by men. This column tests and rejects many possible explanations for this differential interest rate. Discrimination cannot be ruled out.

Alberto Alesina, Andrea Ichino, 05 May 2007

Empirically, women’s labour supply elasticity is higher than men’s so basic principles of optimal taxation suggest that women’s income tax rates should be lower. Moreover, equal treatment in some areas (taxation) for those who are not treated equally in many other areas is hardly fair.


CEPR Policy Research