Daniel Gros, Cinzia Alcidi, 28 April 2010

The key question for European policymakers and financial markets alike is now whether ‘Greece can make it’. This column reviews past episodes and suggests such huge fiscal adjustments have been possible in the past, but take at least 5 years and the debt to GDP ratio keeps on increasing during the process.

Juergen Matthes, 27 February 2010

The situation in Greece has called into question the EU’s ability to deal with fiscal crises. This column argues that the EU’s political vulnerability is likely to prevent it enforcing existing rules for fiscal discipline. The IMF should therefore be called in. This would take the blame off the Eurozone, re-establish lost credibility, and avoid moral hazard.

Tigran Poghosyan, Martin Cihák, 08 February 2010

How safe are the banks? This column provides new evidence on what determines the likelihood of an EU bank experiencing distress, suggesting that bank risks have converged across EU members, and that a more tightly integrated financial regulation should reflect this. The results also call for a greater role for market discipline.

Cristina Checherita, Maria Attinasi, Christiane Nickel, 11 January 2010

The crisis has raised long-term government bond yield spreads across Europe. This column discusses the causes. Increased risk aversion and concern about public finances explain most of the movements in sovereign bond spreads. Moreover, bank bailouts transferred credit risk from the private sector to governments.

Lucian Cernat, Nuno Sousa, 09 January 2010

What is the impact of crisis-led protectionism on trade? This column provides a new way to interpret protectionism – the “Russian doll” effect – and shows that the effect on EU exports has been more severe than the rest of the world.

Martin Cihák, Erlend Nier, 07 January 2010

The global financial crisis forced governments facing failing financial institutions to choose between disorderly bankruptcies and costly injections of public funds. This column argues that special resolution regimes are a better alternative. It analyses their structure and function and argues EU member states ought to introduce and strengthen such regimes.

Jürgen von Hagen, Ludger Schuknecht, Guido Wolswijk, 21 December 2009

Spreads on government bonds in the EU15 have risen dramatically since the Lehman default in September 2008. This column shows that financial markets’ reactions were not random but rather reflect an intensification of risk concerns, especially regarding the state of public finances. German bonds have acquired a ‘safe-haven' status that they did not have before.

Dirk Schoenmaker, 19 December 2009

Current practice of national crisis resolution is threatening the EU’s single banking market. The financial trilemma suggests that policymakers can only choose two out of the following three objectives: financial stability, financial integration, and national financial policies. This column argues that EU burden-sharing rules among governments can save the single market.

Richard Tol, Thomas Rutherford, Christoph Böhringer, 04 December 2009

The EU is committed to limiting the rise in global average temperature to 2°C above pre-industrial levels and aims to achieve this through a range of policy instruments. This column warns that climate policy need not cost a lot, but imperfect implementation could cause hundreds of billions of euros’ worth of unnecessary welfare losses.

Jaime de Melo, Céline Carrère, Bolormaa Klok, 21 November 2009

Almost all economies are party to preferential trade schemes. But how much are they “giving away” or “receiving” in preferential access? This column presents a compact representation of effective market access and applies it to the proposed ASEAN-EU trade agreement.

Christian Dustmann, Tommaso Frattini, Caroline Halls, 08 August 2009

Are new immigrants a fiscal burden on incumbent residents? This column looks at Eastern European immigrants in the UK and shows that they are net contributors to public finances because they have a higher labour force participation rate, are likely to pay more in indirect taxes like VAT, and make much lower use of benefits and public services.

Marco Buti, István Székely, Filip Keereman, 20 June 2009

This column says that the enlargement of the EU from 15 to 27 members made the EU more competitive and it is therefore better placed to face the current crisis. It says that both old and new member states enjoyed major benefits from eliminating trade barriers, gradually allowing higher cross-border labour mobility, promoting financial integration, strengthening institutions, and significantly reducing political risk.

Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie, Malwina Mejer, 10 April 2009

The European Patent Office has offered a centralised examination service for the 34 member states of the European Patent Convention since the 1970s. However, once patents are granted by the EPO, there is no uniform system to enforce them. They must be validated and enforced by each member state. This column argues that the resulting uncertainty about the validity and market reach of patents reduces innovation.

Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Giacomo Calzolari, Guido Ferrarini, Alberto Pozzolo, 08 April 2009

The crisis has brought multinational banks and their cross-border activities to the forefront of European regulatory concerns. This column argues that such banks are critical to successful EU financial integration and says that the appropriate response is to establish multinational regulation to match multinational banks. It proposes a European System of Banking Supervision and harmonisation of regulating banking groups.

Lans Bovenberg, Coen Teulings, 04 April 2009

Some analysts have argued that the European is poorly positioned to address the crisis since its economic integration has outpaced its integration of politics and governance. This column says that, in the face of the crisis, Europe must now decide between political integration and economic disintegration. It argues for EU-wide banking reforms, financial regulation, macroeconomic policies, and global coordination.

Viral Acharya, 04 March 2009

The de Larosiere report is an important contribution to the future global financial architecture, especially its proposals for reform of EU regulatory supervision and global coordination. There is a surprisingly broad consensus on what needs to be done to fix the global financial system emerging. One hopes that the G20 summit will be a platform to launch key international reforms.

Daniel Gros, 25 February 2009

The European periphery faces significant economic turmoil. This column argues that Eastern European woes threaten the core of Europe and necessitate a systemic response. It proposes a new, massive European Financial Stability Fund (involving about 5% of EU GDP) run through the European Investment Bank.

Sylvester Eijffinger, 05 February 2009

This column outlines the Netherlands’ economic recovery plans and compares them to those of other EU members. The Dutch and German plans are sound, as they focus on inducing investment rather than assisting consumers and avoid picking winners amongst industries. But their efforts may not be enough, given recession forecasts.

Sylvester Eijffinger, 03 December 2008

In CEPR Policy Insight No 27, Sylvester Eijffinger discusses the crisis management in the EU. The paper describes the development of the crisis with the denial phase, the discovery phase and the disposal phase of the crisis. It also analyzes the nationalization of banks and the three conditions that need to be fulfilled to make a bailout as unattractive as possible.

Sylvester Eijffinger, 04 December 2008

This column introduces the newest Policy Insight on what the EU has been doing and should be doing in terms of managing the global crisis.

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