Karina Fernandez-Stark, Penny Bamber, Martin Walter, 07 October 2020

Driven by the two themes of digitalisation and green technologies, the COVID-19 economic recovery packages are expected to accelerate the arrival of the new age of copper. Stemming from green infrastructure development, the widespread adoption of electric vehicles and the long-anticipated roll out of 5G, a future copper boom offers producing countries a window of opportunity to harness greater benefits from their resources. This column examines current and future trends in copper supply and demand, and discusses the mechanisms for producers to increase their value capture within the sector.

Jessica Baier, Jörg Baten, 19 November 2017

Studies have found that the occurrence of natural resources can increase the risk of civil war and interstate conflict. This column uses data from 50 countries beginning in 1890 to show that silver mining can also have substantial effects on interpersonal violence during peacetime. Across many different countries and periods, an economy's increasing dependence on silver has increased the homicide rate.

Ralph De Haas, Steven Poelhekke, 22 September 2016

The extraordinary expansion in global mining activity over the last two decades, and its increasing concentration in emerging markets, has reignited the debate over the impact of mining on local economic activity. This column analyses how the presence of nearby mines influences firms in eight countries with large manufacturing and mining sectors. Mines are found to out-compete local manufacturing firms for inputs, labour, and infrastructure. However, mining activity is found to improve the business environment on a wider geographic scale.

James Feyrer, Erin Mansur, Bruce Sacerdote, 16 November 2015

Fracking has driven an oil and natural gas boom in the US over the past decade. This column examines the impact these mining activities have had on local and regional economies. US counties enjoy significant economic benefits, including increased wages and new job creation. These effects grow as the geographic radius is extended to include neighbouring areas in the region. The results suggest that the fracking boom provided some insulation for these areas during the Great Recession, and lowered national unemployment by as much as 0.5%.

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