Ingo Borchert, Batshur Gootiiz, Arti Grover Goswami, Aaditya Mattoo, 29 November 2012

Services trade policies in both the telecommunications and the air transport sector are more restrictive in landlocked than in coastal countries. Why would landlocked countries choose restrictive policies if they have such a big stake in improving international connectivity? This column suggests the explanation could be related to both weak political institutions and adverse location. It adds that trade-facilitating aid will earn a poor return if not accompanied by services reform.


CEPR Policy Research