Victoire Girard, 19 May 2018

Affirmative action policies are widely used to tackle the underrepresentation of certain groups. However, the efficiency of these policies is fiercely debated. This column uses novel data from India to explore how affirmative action quotas affect everyday discrimination. Local political council quotas for marginalised castes are found to reduce caste-based discrimination by around one fifth, but the effect disappears when the quotas are removed.

Nicholas Bloom, Aprajit Mahajan, David McKenzie, John Roberts, 28 March 2018

Jonathan Colmer, 21 March 2018

Supreet Kaur, 08 February 2018

Orazio Attanasio, 18 January 2018

Guilhem Cassan, Lore Vandewalle, 09 December 2017

Many policies are designed along a particular identity dimension, such as gender or ethnicity. However, such efforts overlook the fact that individuals are associated with several identity dimensions at a time. Using Indian data, this column demonstrates how the intersection of different identity dimensions may lead to unanticipated effects. It shows that political quotas for women in local elections change policies not only in favour of women, but also in favour of low castes.

Jonathan Lehne, Jacob Shapiro, Oliver Vanden Eynde, 08 December 2017

Zovanga Kone, Maggie Y. Liu, Aaditya Mattoo, Çağlar Özden, Siddharth Sharma, 30 November 2017

Indians, and in particular men seeking education and jobs, display a puzzling reluctance to cross state borders. This column explores the reasons for this surprising migration pattern. A major culprit is India’s system of ‘fragmented entitlements’, whereby welfare benefits are administered at the state level, and state residents get preferential treatment when it comes to higher education and government employment. These administrative rules prevent the more efficient allocation of labour across the country.

Amrit Amirapu, Michael Gechter, 27 November 2017

Siwan Anderson, Patrick Francois, 22 October 2017

Achyuta Adhvaryu, Namrata Kala, Anant Nyshadham, 15 October 2017

S Anukriti, Sonia Bhalotra, Hiu Tam, 10 September 2017

Kaushik Basu, Parikshit Ghosh, 21 June 2017

Latika Chaudhary, 10 August 2017

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