Elena Esposito, Tiziano Rotesi, Alessandro Saia, Mathias Thoenig, 23 May 2021

To secure peace in the aftermath of violent civil conflict requires working through legacies of difference, even hate. But narratives forged for the purpose of peacebuilding often present a distorted retelling of events. Using as its example the cultural impact of a film released decades after the end of the American Civil War, this column illustrates how a version of the past that promotes unity or agreement at the expense of truth may foster new divisions, hindering the reconciliation process over the long term.

Stelios Michalopoulos, Elias Papaioannou, 06 January 2012

The 'Scramble for Africa' – the artificial drawing of African political boundaries among European powers in the end of the 19th century – led to the partitioning of several ethnicities across newly created African states. This columns shows that partitioned ethnic groups have suffered significantly longer and more devastating civil wars. It also uncovers substantial spillovers as ethnic conflict spreads from the historical homeland of groups partitioned to nearby areas where non-split ethnicities reside.

Christopher Ksoll, Rocco Macchiavello, Ameet Morjaria, 08 March 2011

As unrest continues in the Arab countries, many are asking about the economic costs. While the macro effect of civil conflicts is widely studied, little is known of the micro effects. This column presents evidence from the short-term violence following the 2007 election in Kenya. It finds that firms providing cut flowers to Western markets saw a significant rise in costs, largely due to the displacement of workers.

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