Daniel Müller, Fabian Herweg, 08 December 2017

The EU allows quantity discounts but forbids discriminatory discounts. Daniel Müller and Fabian Herweg explain how consumers benefit from this law. This video was recorded at the Royal Economic Society's annual conference held in Manchester in Spring 2015.

Fabiano Schivardi, Eliana Viviano, 30 April 2011

Retail trade is regulated in all European economies. This column studies a 1998 Italian reform that delegated regulation to local authorities and therefore generated regional variation in barriers to entry. It shows that entry restrictions favour incumbent shops and reduce productivity and employment in the sector. Consumers pay for all this through higher prices.

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