Marco Francesconi, Matthias Parey, 07 April 2018

Women earning substantially less than men in all advanced economies, despite the considerable progress women have made in labour markets worldwide. This column explores the recent experience of university graduates in Germany soon after their graduation. Men and women enter college in roughly equal numbers, but more women complete their degrees. Women enter university with slightly better high school grades but leave with slightly lower marks. Immediately after university completion, male and female full-timers work very similar number of hours, but men earn more across the pay distribution. The single most important proximate factor that explains the gap is field of study at university.

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The University of Kent is proud to offer a selection of eight two-week summer schools delivered from our Canterbury campus. The selection of courses is as follows:

Global Business in a Dynamic Environment
Sustainable Architecture and Landscape design
Psychology - Investigating the Social Mind
European Security and Foreign Policy
Hidden Histories of World War II
Molecular Biology & IVF
Quantitative Methods
Plantagenet to Tudor – Late Medieval England

Each of these courses is taught over a period of two-weeks and by a range of academic lecturers and industry professionals and comes with the opportunity for scholarships. The final deadline for payment to secure your place on this course is Fri 28 May 2018.

Philip Oreopoulos, Uros Petronijevic, 13 November 2016

Questions over the value of a university education are underscored by negative student experiences. Personalised coaching is a promising, but costly, tool to improve student experiences and performance. This column presents the results from an experiment comparing coaching with lower cost ‘nudge’ interventions. While coaching led to a significant increase in average course grades, online and text message interventions had no effect. The benefits of coaching appear to derive from the trust-based nature of relationships and personalised attention.

Daiji Kawaguchi, 02 February 2013

Japan switched to five-day weeks for its primary and junior high schools and saw an increase in educational inequality. This column discusses new evidence suggesting a loose tie between number of days at school and inequality. Importantly, this tie reflects the fact that homes with university-educated parents tend to offset the official reduction in hours with additional tuition.

Davide Cantoni, Noam Yuchtman, 21 May 2012

We like to think that we have moved on from the Middle Ages, but do universities from that period have something to teach us about the role of government in education? This column thinks so.

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CEPR Policy Research