Mike Baiocchi, Mark Cullen, Karen Eggleston, Victor Fuchs, Pooja Loftus, 30 May 2015

Socio-economic conditions like wealth and education have been demonstrated to be powerful predictors of life expectancy. Similarly, over the 20th century, a tendency for women to outlive men has emerged in much of the Western world. Using data for countries from all around the world, this column shows how socio-economic factors mediate the sex differential in the probability of survival to advanced age. These patterns seem to transcend temporal and cultural barriers, but rather emerge and evolve as countries develop, and standards of living rise.

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