Kristian Behrens, Manassé Drabo, Florian Mayneris, 01 February 2022

Cities are more vulnerable to economic shocks than to physical destruction. Yet, little is known about the factors that enhance their resilience to such shocks. This column uses data from Canada to show that cities that are more severely hit by big-plant closures and mass layoffs see their population shrink, especially among the young and working-aged residents. However, the initial presence of public and cultural services helps mitigate the adverse effect of massive job displacement on a city’s population.

Emilia del Bono, Rudolf Winter-Ebmer, 25 February 2008

Over the last century careers or jobs that provide opportunities for promotion and advancement have become more desirable for females and labour market conditions that impede the establishment of stable careers early in their lives like unemployment, temporary jobs or involuntary turnover, may be reasons for a delay or even a permanent reduction in fertility. The authors of CEPR DP6719 explore how women’s fertility decisions are affected by these considerations and find that certain stages of their careers might be particularly sensitive to labour supply interruptions.

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