Natalie Chen, Dennis Novy, 27 January 2009

This column assesses trade costs for manufacturing industries in the EU. It demonstrates that, although tariffs on trade within the EU were abolished decades ago, significant barriers remain, and countries continue to integrate. Today, the most substantial policy-induced costs are technical barriers to trade, such as packaging and labelling requirements.

Richard Baldwin, 20 March 2007

Written in March 2007: The EU started life in circumstances that are almost unimaginable in today’s world and the Treaty of Rome committed members to economic and political integration that would be unacceptable to most nations in today’s world. In this sense, the Treaty was the bud whose leaves unfolded over 50 years into today’s European Union.

Barry Eichengreen, 27 March 2007

Written in March 2007: The fiftieth anniversary of the Treaty of Rome on March 25th was a day of celebration. The entity created by the treaty, the European Economic Community (now the European Union), has endured for half a century. What started as an undertaking of “the Six” (France, Germany, the Netherlands, Italy, Belgium and Luxembourg) now has 27 members. So deeply embedded is it in Europe’s collective consciousness that it is hard to imagine that the EU will not still be here when the time comes for its centennial.

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