Sascha O. Becker, Stephan Heblich, Daniel Sturm, 03 November 2020

Raising the level of public employment is a frequently used policy instrument to support economically lagging regions. This column evaluates the impact of changes in public employment on private sector activity using the creation of the West German government in Bonn as a source of exogenous variation. It finds that relative to a control group of cities, public employment increased substantially in Bonn, but this led to only a modest increase in private sector employment. This suggests that public sector jobs may not be a magic bullet to kickstart local economies.

Marta Auricchio, Emanuele Ciani, Alberto Dalmazzo, Guido de Blasio, 01 September 2017

The nature of the relationship between public and private employment is ambiguous, with studies showing that increased public employment can have both crowding-in and crowding-out effects on private employment. This column explores this relationship across Italian municipalities. It finds evidence of strong crowding-out effects across municipalities, which is partially explained by increased competition in the housing market.

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