W. Bentley MacLeod, Miguel Urquiola, 22 February 2021

In 1875, the US had none of the world’s leading research universities; today, it accounts for the majority of the top-ranked ones. Many observers cite events surrounding WWII as the source of this reversal, but US universities were well on their way to leadership before WWII. This column argues that an explanation of their dominance must therefore begin earlier, and highlights reforms that began after the Civil War and enhanced the incentives and resources the system directs at research.

Dan Ben-David, 13 March 2008

This column introduces a two-part series on how differences between universities are inducing a massive academic migration from Israel to the United States. The magnitude of this scholarly brain drain is unparalleled in the western world.

CEPR Policy Research