Linda Goldberg, Signe Krogstrup, 05 March 2018

The role of the global financial factor in the international monetary system has been well discussed, with some economists suggesting its role may in fact be overstated. This column argues that some of the empirical evidence on the role of global factors in driving capital flows and exchange rates across countries may be inaccurate because it has ignored key features of the operation of central banks. The authors propose a new metric – a recast exchange market pressure index which captures country-specific capital flow pressures in a way that is comparable across countries with different exchange rate regimes.

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