Sascha O. Becker, Jared Rubin, Ludger Woessmann, 12 July 2020

Over the past two decades, analysis of the relevance of religion has entered centre stage in the study of economic history, addressing questions such as how religion and religious beliefs in God and the afterlife have historically affected economies, and how historical socioeconomic circumstances have shaped religious beliefs and activities. This column derives a few general insights emerging from the rapidly growing literature.

Julia Cagé, Valeria Rueda, 17 March 2018

HIV prevention in sub-Saharan Africa is often shaped by the influence of Christian churches, tending to focus on abstinence rather than safer sexual behaviour. This column investigates the relationship between historical Christian missionary activities and HIV prevalence today. Regions close to missions in general tend to exhibit higher HIV prevalence, an effect that is driven by Protestant missions. Regions close to missions that specifically invested in health, however, exhibit lower HIV prevalence today.

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