Gordon Dahl, Andreas Kotsadam, Dan-Olof Rooth, 17 January 2021

Despite women making up close to half of the labour force in most developed countries, occupational segregation remains high. One potential reason for this is gender stereotyping. This column uses an experiment conducted with Norwegian Army recruits to explore whether integration can change gender attitudes and related outcomes. It finds that intensive contact with female recruits during boot camp causes men to have more egalitarian attitudes in the short run but no effect on attitudes in the long term – perhaps because the duration of the experiment was relatively short compared to the overall military experience.

Ramiro Gálvez, Valeria Tiffenberg, Edgar Altszyler, 01 April 2018

The belief that men possess greater cognitive abilities than women is a longstanding and well-documented stereotype, with studies showing that both boys and girls as young as six can view ‘brilliance’ as a predominantly male trait. This column explores the contribution of the film industry in the West to perpetuating this stereotype. An analysis of over 10,000 film transcripts reveals the persistent presence of the ‘brilliance = male’ stereotype over the past half a century, including in movies specifically aimed at children.

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