John D. Burger, Francis Warnock, Veronica Cacdac Warnock, 26 September 2018

Analyses of capital flows often compare flows in a recent period to flows in some past period. But what level of capital flows should be characterised as ‘normal’? This column suggests there is a natural rate of portfolio flows, a longer-term baseline path around which actual flows fluctuate. The natural rate of portfolio flows allows observers to distinguish between movements toward the benchmark (back to ‘normal’) and movements away from the benchmark, which should be short-lived.

John D. Burger, Francis Warnock, Veronica Cacdac Warnock, 19 September 2018

A large share of Turkey’s bonds are denominated in foreign currencies, and the Turkish lira has depreciated. This recalls the currency mismatches that contributed to many crises in the 1990s. The column argues that many emerging economies like Turkey's are better able to avoid these crises thanks to improved policies, such as inflation targeting, that have helped foster local currency bond markets. Emerging markets policymakers must not backslide on this progress if they want to maintain financial stability.

Roberto Duncan, Enrique Martínez García, 08 June 2018

Understanding what helps forecast inflation is important for any modern economy, but analysis remains limited in the emerging market economy context. This column presents recent findings on inflation forecasting in such economies, showing that a variant of the simple random walk model specification seems difficult to beat. The strong forecasting performance of this model can be observed even though many emerging economies have adopted a de facto or de jure inflation-targeting regime.

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