Joan Costa-Font, Sergi Jiménez-Martín, Analía Viola, 11 April 2021

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a disproportionate impact on older Europeans living in nursing homes. This column finds evidence consistent with a 'fatal underfunding hypothesis', suggesting that the regional variation in nursing home fatalities during the first wave of the pandemic in Spain is associated with indicators of underfunding such as understaffing, larger nursing homes, and occupancy rates. Coordination failures both between healthcare and long-term care and between central and regional governments also contributed.

Giulia Giupponi, Stephen Machin, 11 August 2018

In 2016 the National Living Wage in the UK raised the minimum hourly wage for workers aged 25 and over. The column uses data from English care homes to analyse the impact of this policy, finding that the main non-wage effect has been a deterioration in quality of care. Younger colleagues also received wage rises, which seems to reflect a preference for fairness among employers.

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