Alex Cukierman, 02 November 2018

The size and nature of an economy have a crucial influence on the measures that can be taken in response to major shocks. This column investigates the forex interventions taken by Switzerland and Israel – two small, open economies – in the wake of the Global Crisis. While discretionary interventions are shown to be preferable when policy rates are strictly positive, this is no longer valid when the effective lower bound is reached and unconventional monetary policy is called for. The transfer of reserve management to a sovereign wealth fund is also discussed. 

Felix Geiger, Fabian Schupp, 26 September 2018

In the low interest-rate setting, the Eurosystem’s accommodative monetary policy has been relying to a greater extent on non-standard measures and forward guidance on the future path of policy rates. This column examines how these measures have worked across the term structure and how market expectations have evolved during the phase of low interest rates.The results illustrate that the Eurosystem can continue to influence market participants’ interest rate expectations at the effective lower bound through unconventional monetary policy measures.

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